Grading is an integral part of yard care and foundation maintenance. It prevents water from damaging your foundation. You may find yourself deep into foundation repairs without it, which also happens to be extremely costly. But with proper soil grading, you can avert all these issues.
What Is Yard Grading?
Yard grading is the leveling out of the surface of land near your home to provide a solid base for your foundation and landscape. It involves removing extra soil from high spots and filling in the lower areas to level out land. The main aim of grading is to create a level landscape.
When a piece of land has poor grading, water won’t drain properly from the site. Instead, it will flow back towards the property. Whenever there is a heavy downpour, excess water will pool around your home’s foundation. This can cause severe structural damage to your foundation. Other than flooding your basement, this water can lead to the growth of mold as well as wood rot.
Types of Yard Grading
The grading of a yard can either be negative or positive.
If your house rests at the highest point in your yard, we say it has a positive grading. The ground slopes at an angle away from the foundation, draining water away from your house.
A yard grading is negative if the house sits on a low or lowest yard point. This means that the yard is going into the foundation instead of away from it. As a result, water may pool up on your foundation, causing problems.
Signs of Poor Grading
Unsatisfactory grading makes it hard for you to dry out your basement since all the water in your yard’s soil is directed towards your home. You may also notice puddles throughout your lawn.
When there’s too much water in the soil near your home, the ground will feel spongy when you step on it.
Mosquitoes thrive in areas with standing bodies of water. If your lawn has a negative grade, you may notice that there are more mosquitos around your home than others.
Whenever there is too much water in the ground, your grass will begin to rot.
Soil that is too soggy makes it hard to maintain a healthy yard.
How to Improve Your Yard Grading?
The best way of correcting poor yard grading is adjusting how the land around your home slopes. Here is how landscapers do it:
- Your yard is first inspected for spots where water ponding issues might occur.
- Debris, plants, and grass are removed from your home’s perimeter.
- Topsoil or fill dirt is added to raise the level around your foundation.
- The soil is tamped down at a sloping angle with dirt moving away from the foundation towards the lawn.
- More soil added and then the slope is raked so that the yard has six inches of drop over 10 feet.
- Once positive grading is attained, grass is re-planted or new garden plants grown on the topsoil.
Waterproofing Your Basement
Your yard’s grading has a significant impact on the amount of water that seeps into your basement. Consequently, even with all the necessary landscaping measures in place, you must invest in professional basement waterproofing if you want to maintain a dry basement. When done well, basement waterproofing minimizes hydrostatic pressure. This helps reduce the risk of basement floods and mold and mildew growth.
Don’t wait for your yard grading issues to give rise to wet basement problems. Contact the experts at Foundation Recovery Systems and request a free inspection. We will assess your foundation and basement then recommend lasting fixes to your water problems.